Racial Socialization Techniques of White Moms Raising Black-White Biracial Kiddies

Racial Socialization Techniques of White Moms Raising Black-White Biracial Kiddies

Abstract

The goal of the retrospective qualitative research was to examine the effect of monoracial Ebony or White moms and dads’ racial socialization techniques regarding the procedure of biracial identification development because of their Black-White biracial kiddies. Information had been obtained through in-person, semi-structured interviews with ten White monoracial moms and 11 of the adult (many years 18–40) biracial kids. The phenomenological analysis of participants’ experiences raising biracial kiddies and growing up biracial revealed two overarching themes of racial socialization practices reaching and affecting biracial identification development: making a biracial family members identity and navigating biracial with the outside globe. Findings with this study expand the racial socialization research by linking parental racial socialization making use of their child’s biracial identification and incorporating the initial viewpoint that racial socialization is an interactive household procedure in interracial families. Furthermore, information using this research has essential medical and research that is future.

This may be a preview of registration content, access via your organization.

Access choices

Purchase article that is single

Immediate access to your article PDF that is full.

Tax calculation shall be finalised during checkout.

Subscribe to journal

Immediate on the web access to all or any dilemmas from 2019. Subscription will auto renew yearly.

Tax calculation will be finalised during checkout.

Recommendations

Arnett, J. J. (2014). The winding road through the belated teenagers through the twenties: growing adulthood. Ny: Oxford University Press.

Brittian, A. S., Umana-Taylor, A. J., & Derlan, C. L. (2013). a study of biracial university youngsters’ household socialization that is cultural ethnic identification, and modification: Do self identification labels and college context matter? Cultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology, 19(2), 177–189. doi:10.1037/a0029438.

Byrd, M. M., & Garwick, A. W. (2006). Family identification: Black-White family health experience that is interracial. Journal of Family Nursing, 12, 22–37. doi:10.1177/1074840705285213.

Carr, A. (1998). Michael White’s therapy that is narrative. Modern Family Treatment, 20(4), 485–503.

ChenFeng, J., Knudson-Martin, C., & Nelson, T. (2015). Intergenerational stress, connectedness, and separateness in the lived experiences of very very first and generation that is second American Christians. Modern Family Treatment, 37, 153–164. doi:10.1007/s10591-015-9335-9.

Childs, E. C. (2006). Monochrome: Family opposition to becoming multiracial. In D. L. Brunsma (Ed.), blended messages: Multiracial identities in the “color-blind” period (pp. 233–246). Boulder, CO: Lynne Rienner.

Crawford, S. E., & Alaggia, R. (2008). The very best of both globes? Family influences on blended competition youth identification development. Qualitative Personal Perform, 7(1), 81–98. doi:10.1177/1473325007086417.

Creswell, J. W. (1998). Qualitative research and inquiry design: finding five traditions. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Csizmadia, A., Brunsma, D. L., & Cooney, T. M. (2012). Racial recognition and developmental results among Black-White youth that is multiracial an evaluation from the life course perspective. Improvements in lifetime Course analysis, 17, 34–44. doi:10.1016/j.aclr.2011.10.003.

Csizmadia, A., Rollins, A., & Kaneakua, J. P. (2014). Ethnic-racial socialization and its particular correlates in families of Black-White biracial kiddies. Family Members, 63, 259–270. doi:10.1111/fare.12062.

DaCosta, K. M. (2007). Making multiracials: State, family members, and market into the redrawing of the colorline. Stanford, CA: Stanford University.

Daniel, R. G. (2001). A lot More than Ebony? Multiracial identification as well as the brand brand new racial purchase. Philadelphia: Temple University Press.

Erikson, E. H. (1968). Identification: Youth and crisis. Ny, NY: Norton.

Hall, R. E. (2001). Identification development over the lifespan: a model that is biracial. The Personal Sciences Journal, 38, 119–123. doi:10.1016/S0362-3319(00)00113-0.

Hardy, K. V., & Laszloffy, T. A. (1995). The social genogram: Key to training culturally competent household practitioners. Journal of Marital and Family treatment, 21, 227–237. doi:10.1111/j.1752-0606.1995.tb00158.x.

Henriksen, R. C., & Trusty, J. (2004). Understanding and Black/ that is assisting White ladies within their identification development. Females and treatment, 27(1/2), 65–83. doi:10.1033/J015v27n01_05.

Hughes, D., & Chen, L. (1999). The type of moms and dads’ battle related communications to young ones: A developmental perspective https://besthookupwebsites.org/tagged-review/. In L. Balter & C. S. Tamis-LeMonda (Eds.), Son or daughter therapy: A handbook of modern problems (pp. 467–490). Philadelphia, PA: Taylor & Frances Group.

Hughes, D., & Johnson, D. (2001). Correlates in children’s experiences of moms and dads’ racial socialization actions. Journal of Marriage and Family, 63, 981–995. doi:10.1111/j.1741-3737.2001.00981.x.

Hughes, D., Rodriguez, J., Smith, E. P., Johnson, D. J., Stevenson, H. C., & Spicer, P. (2006). Moms and dads’ ethnic-racial socialization methods: analysis research and guidelines for future research. Developmental Psychology, 42, 747–770. doi:10.1037/00121649.425.747.

Humes, K. R., Jones, N.A., & Ramirez, R. R. (2011). Overview of battle and Hispanic beginning: 2010. 2010 Census Briefs, 1–24. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/prod/cen2010/briefs/c2010br-02.pdf.

Johnson, T. D., & Kreider, R. M. (2013). Mapping interracial/interethnic couple that is married in the us: 2010. Retrieved from http://www.census.gov/hhes/socdemo/marriage/data/census/InterracialMarriages_PAA213_FINAL.pdf.

Kerwin, C., Ponterotto, J. G., Jackson, B. L., & Harris, A. (1993). Racial identification in biracial kids: a investigation that is qualitative. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 40, 221–231.

Khanna, N. (2010). “If you’re half Ebony, you’re simply Black”: Reflected appraisals and also the perseverance regarding the rule that is one-drop. The Sociological Quarterly, 51(1), 96–121.

LaRossa, R., & Reitzes, D. C. (1993). Symbolic interactionism and household studies. In P. G. Employer, W. J. Doherty, R. LaRossa, W. R. Schumm & S. K. Steinmetz (Eds.), Sourcebook of family members theories and practices: a approach that is contextualpp. 135–163). Ny: Plenum Press.